Sepandarmazgan, Persian Love Day
Sepandarmazgan is an ancient Persian celebration that is now equivalent to February 23rd or Esfand 5th. As an important Persian scientist, Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, has mentioned in his Book “Asaar albaghie”, ancient Iranian knew this day as the day of celebrating women and the earth.
History of Sepandarmazgan
In Different Iranian chronologies, besides the months, each day of a month had a name either. The fifth day of each month was called “Sepandarmaz” which is the national title of Earth and means expanding, holy, humble. Earth is a symbol of Love in Persian as it loves everyone humbly, do not care about the beauty or ugliness of people, and protects everyone just like a mother.
Once a month, the name of the day and the month used to become the same and on that same day, people used to have feasts with the same name of that day and month. For example, the sixteenth day of each month was named “Mehr” and so, on the sixteenth day of the month of Mehr they had a feast named “Mehregan”.
The day of Aban in the month of Aban is the celebration of "Abangan" which means the celebration of praising water, and the day of Azar in the month of Azar is the celebration of "Azargan" which means the celebration of praising fire, and also in the fifth day of the twelfth month (Esfand) they celebrated "SepandarMazgan" which is the celebration of woman and earth.
The difference in the date of holding the feast
In ancient Iran, around 20 centuries before Jesus’s birth, The Aryan people had a day they called the day of love or Sepandarmazgan. This day is celebrated in the Zoroastrian calendar on the 5th of Esfand; But since in the new Iranian calendar, the first 6 months of the year are considered 31 days, this celebration will be held on the 29th of Bahman.
On this day men gave gifts to their wives, put the women of the family on the throne, obeyed them, and gave them gifts. They also used to do the house chores on the same day to understand how hard their women work at home. It was more like a reminder to men to respect their wives and mothers and since the feast was going on gloriously for a long period of time, the men were always reminded to respect the women.